Types of Mood Disorders include:
- Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Depression: This is the most common of the mood disorders. Involves feeling sad, losing interest in things you once enjoyed, changes in appetite and sleep, and difficulty concentrating.
- Bipolar Disorder: Involves extreme mood swings between depressive episodes (sadness and low energy) and manic episodes (elevated mood, excessive energy, and risky behaviour). This condition can have a significant impact on your life and relationships.
- Persistent Depression (Dysthymia): This is a chronic form of depression that lasts for at least two years with milder symptoms.
- Cyclothymic Disorder: Similar to bipolar disorder but with less severe mood swings.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD): A severe form of PMS that brings significant mood changes and physical symptoms before menstruation.
- Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD): This is typically diagnosed in children and adolescents who display severe temper outbursts and irritable moods that are out of proportion to the situation.
Mood disorders can have various causes, including genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Effective treatment often involves a combination of therapy, medication, lifestyle changes, and support from loved ones. Evidence-based therapies such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and medications like antidepressants and mood stabilizers are commonly used to manage these conditions. Mood disorders can affect anyone, but early intervention is important to help improve quality of life. Understanding these conditions and seeking professional support can make a significant difference in managing and recovering from mood disorders. If you or someone you know is dealing with these challenges, don't hesitate to reach out to us for assistance.